remindergif Use only your compass and straight edge when drawing a construction. No free-hand drawing!

If you are asked to "construct" an angle of a specific size, it is expected that you will use your compass and straightedge. Do NOT use a protractor. These angles will most likely be the more popular angles containing 30º, 45º, 60º or 90º. (Note: The angles of 15º and 22½º can also be constructed by bisecting the 30º and 45º angles.)

The key to these angle constructions is remembering where you have seen these angles in previous constructions.

Angles of 60º, 30º or 15º

All of these angles can be constructed, if you can construct the 60º angle. After constructing the 60º angle, simply bisect it to obtain the 30º angle, and bisect again to get the 15º angle.

So, where have we already seen the construction of a 60º angle?
ANSWER: The angles in an equilateral triangle contain 60º. If you construct an equilateral triangle, you will have a 60º angle.

For directions on the constructions of the triangles shown below, see the page Equilateral Triangle.


Note: The construction of the equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle (shown on the right above) starts with the construction of the regular hexagon. As shown in the diagram, the central angles in a regular hexagon also contain 60º.



This construction shows the 60º angle
of the equilateral triangle being bisected
to form two 30º angles.
Do you see the "bisect an angle"
construction, as it uses, and
extends, some of the existing arcs?


In this construction, we see the 30º angle
being bisected to form the 15º angles.
Again, this construction used an existing arc
and the extension of an existing arc, to
create the new bisector.
Do you see this new bisector?


Angles of 90º or 45º

Both of these angles can be constructed, if you can construct a perpendicular (which creates a right angle containing 90º). Bisecting a 90º angle will create a 45º angle.

We have seen three constructions of perpendiculars: a perpendicular bisector, a perpendicular from a point on a line, and a perpendicular from a point off a line.
The construction of a square will also create a 90º angle, but the constructions of the perpendiculars are easier and faster to create.



(created from constructions shown above)


Instead of bisecting the 90º angle,
this construction shows the simple
creation of a 45º-45º-90º triangle.
Place compass point at C, measure
span to A, swing arc from A to D,
making CA = CD .

Connect A to D to form ΔACD.

All three perpendicular constructions shown above lend themselves to being bisected to form 45º angles.


This construction shows bisecting
the 90º angle formed by the
perpendicular from a point off line
to form the 45º angle .


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