As you have seen in your previous work with transformations, there are "rules" that define how a transformation takes "input" coordinates (from the preimage) and creates "output" coordinates (for the image). These applied "rules" may result in translations, reflections, rotations, dilations, or a combination of changes to the original figure.
There are a variety of ways to write the "rules" that apply to transformations. The most common form for indicating transformation "rules" is a mapping notation, such as: (x, y)
→ (x + a, y + b).
The definitions of the classic transformations may appear in more of a functional notation form:
Notice how this format resembles functional form:
f (x) = 2x + 5
where x is the input and (2x + 5) is the output.
More ways of indicating transformations appear in the section Rigid Transformations.
Transformations can be viewed in terms of functions, where the inputs and outputs are points in the coordinate plane, rather than simply numerical values.
