 Rules for Chords, Secants, and Tangents in Circles MathBitsNotebook.com Terms of Use   Contact Person: Donna Roberts Theorems: If two chords intersect in a circle, the product of the lengths of the segments of one chord equal the product of the segments of the other. Intersecting Chords Formula: (segment piece) x (segment piece) =         (segment piece) x (segment piece)

Formula: a • b = c • d  Proof:   If two secant segments are drawn to a circle from the same external point, the product of the length of one secant segment and its external part is equal to the product of the length of the other secant segment and its external part. Secant-Secant Formula: (whole secant) x (external part) =         (whole secant) x (external part)

Formula: a • b = c • d  Proof:   If a secant segment and tangent segment are drawn to a circle from the same external point, the length of the tangent segment is the geometric mean between the length of the secant segment and the length of the external part of the secant segment.
Alternate   Wording:
... the product of the length of the secant segment and its external part equals the square of the length of the tangent segment. Secant-Tangent Formula: OR (whole secant) x (external part) = (tangent)2

Formula:   Proof:  